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Randomized phase 2 study of bone-targeted therapy containing strontium-89 in advanced castrate-sensitive prostate cancer

Bilen M.A. Johnson M.M. Mathew P. Pagliaro L.C. Araujo J.C. Aparicio A. Corn P.G. Tannir N.M. Wong F.C. Fisch M.J. Logothetis C.J. Tu S.-M.

Cancer, Volume 121, Issue 1, 1 January 2015, Pages 69-76

Abstract
BACKGROUND:

Radiopharmaceutical use may improve the survival time of patients with castrate-resistant prostate cancer and bone metastases. Whether androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) combined with bone-targeted therapy provides a clinical benefit to patients with advanced castrate-sensitive prostate cancer has not been investigated.

METHODS:
Eighty male patients were enrolled, and 79 were randomized: 40 to the control arm and 39 to the strontium-89 (Sr-89) arm. After randomization, patients in both study arms received ADT, doxorubicin, and zoledronic acid. Kaplan-Meier methodology was used to evaluate the progression-free survival (PFS) time. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression was used to evaluate the effects of Sr-89 after controlling for the number of bone metastases.
RESULTS:
The median follow-up time for the 29 patients alive at the last follow-up was 76.9 months (range, 0.07-103.4 months). The median PFS time was 18.5 months (95% confidence interval, 9.7-49.4 months) for the control arm and 12.9 months (95% confidence interval, 8.9-72.5 months) for the Sr-89 arm (P = .86). No patient developed myelodysplastic syndrome or a hematologic malignancy. An unplanned subgroup analysis suggested increased efficacy of bone-targeted therapy with a greater extent of bone involvement (ie, >6 bone metastases vs ≤6 bone metastases on the bone scan).
CONCLUSIONS:
The data showed that bone-targeted therapy using 1 dose of Sr-89 combined with chemohormonal ablation therapy did not favorably affect the PFS of patients with castrate-sensitive prostate cancer. The combined therapy was feasible and safe. Whether such bone-targeted therapy provides a favorable outcome for those patients with a greater tumor burden in the bone warrants further investigation.

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