Welcome, this website is intended for international healthcare professionals with an interest in the treatment of Advanced Prostate Cancer. By clicking the link below you are declaring and confirming that you are a healthcare professional

You are here

Oral ethinylestradiol in castration-resistant prostate cancer: a 10-year experience.

Sciarra A, Gentile V, Cattarino S, Gentilucci A, Alfarone A, D'Eramo G, Salciccia S.

Int J Urol. 2015 Jan;22(1):98-103. doi: 10.1111/iju.12613. Epub 2014 Sep 3.

Abstract
OBJECTIVES:

To describe our 10-year experience with the use of oral ethinylestradiol in the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.
METHODS:
From February 2000 to April 2010, 116 patients with a metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer were prospectively submitted to oral ethinylestradiol monotherapy. Inclusion criteria were: diagnosis of castration-resistant prostate cancer after failure of at least two lines of androgen deprivation therapy and radiological evidence of metastases. Exclusion criteria were: symptomatic cases with a European Cooperative Oncology Group score >2 and severe or uncontrolled cardiovascular diseases. At inclusion in the study, all patients discontinued the previous androgen deprivation therapy and started oral ethinylestradiol at the daily dose of 1 mg. Aspirin (100 mg/daily) was concomitantly given.
RESULTS:
The median ethinylestradiol therapy duration was 15.9 months (range 8-36 months), whereas the median follow up of patients was 28 months (range 13-36 months). During ethinylestradiol therapy, a confirmed prostate-specific antigen response was found in 79 patients (70.5%). The median time to prostate-specific antigen progression was 15.10 months (95% confidence interval 13.24-18.76 months). A toxicity requiring treatment cessation was observed in 26 patients (23.2%) at a median time of 16 months (mainly thromboembolism).
CONCLUSIONS:
Our 10-year experience shows that ethinylestradiol provides a prostate-specific antigen response in a high percentage of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Cardiovascular toxicity can be managed through accurate patient selection, close follow up and a concomitant anticoagulation therapy.

Share

E-Alert

Register to be notified when new content is published. Only your name, country and email address needed.

Subscribe »

Latest webcast

ESMO 2016 Symposium webcast

Individualizing treatment in
metastatic prostate cancer: there
is no “one-size-fits-all” approach

EAU 2016 Scientific Programme and Sessions

View the Scientific Programme and Sessions of the 2016 EAU Annual Congress, Munich, Germany.

The editorial independence of the resource centre is mandatory and recognized by the EAU and Elsevier.
The journal articles, videos and statements published on the resource centre have been selected independently and without influence from Elsevier, European Urology Editors or the sponsor and do not necessarily reflect their opinions or views

Search this site

Search form